The primary case of COVID-19 in the USA was recorded on January 20, 2020. That signifies that as of right this moment, we’ve been battling the virus for six full months.
Whereas we’ve come a good distance in that point, there’s nonetheless a lot that we have to study in regards to the novel coronavirus. So to commemorate the half-year mark, we stepped again and took inventory.
On this information, we appeared on the newest coronavirus-related analysis in an try to deal with probably the most urgent considerations that we’re dealing with right this moment, six months in. That features the one query we’ve all been asking since earlier than coronavirus was labeled a pandemic: When will this all be over?
How many individuals have had coronavirus?
On the time this text was printed, there have been three,761,362 recorded circumstances of COVID-19, and 140,157 deaths in the USA, in line with the CDC. On June 20, the worldwide loss of life toll surpassed 600,000. In fact, by the point you’re studying this, these numbers will probably have elevated — although hopefully, not by a lot. In line with NPR, the quantity of recent circumstances in 49 areas throughout the U.S. has been on the rise. However in states equivalent to New York, New Jersey, and Delaware the general charge of recent circumstances is declining. [QUESTION: Is this fair/clear to say? These states are still seeing new positive cases; the number of cases can’t decline — but fewer people are testing positive day after day?]
What will we learn about the very best methods to stop coronavirus?
Keep dwelling. Put on a face masks if it’s a must to exit. Keep away from crowds, and depart about six ft of area between your self and others. It’s the identical recommendation we’ve been listening to for six months. However it’s nonetheless important, and 6 months in, consultants perceive extra about why.
We all know that the virus spreads from individual to individual primarily through respiratory droplets. These are produced when an contaminated particular person coughs, sneezes, or talks, they usually can linger within the air for anyplace from a fraction of a second to minutes, in line with the Journal of the American Medical Affiliation. If the droplets of an contaminated particular person come into contact along with your mucus membranes, you might get sick. Carrying a masks helps entice your personal droplets, defending others; avoiding shut contact with folks helps you dodge the spray they could be producing, defending you.
Whereas it’s not as prone to contract the virus from a shared floor, it’s nonetheless doable. So positively proceed to scrub your arms, use hand sanitizer, keep away from touching your face, and disinfect surfaces too.
Can youngsters get and transmit coronavirus?
Sadly, sure. Children aren’t essentially at increased danger than adults — the CDC even states that, “Adults make up a lot of the coronavirus circumstances so far” — however they will contract the virus. In some areas of the U.S. and Europe, a small however rising variety of youngsters have come down with one thing the CDC is looking multisystem inflammatory syndrome in youngsters (MIS-C). It seems to happen after they’ve recovered from coronavirus, Tara Greenhow, MD, a pediatric infectious illness doctor at Kaiser Permanente in San Francisco, beforehand advised Refinery29. What’s extra, a current report revealed that it’s doable for infants to turn out to be contaminated with coronavirus within the womb, though these circumstances seem like fairly uncommon.
Kids can positively unfold the illness too. “Children are the best vectors as a result of they put their arms of their mouth they usually contact one another they usually unfold it round from household to household,” Shannon Sovndal, MD, an emergency medical companies medical director in Boulder, Colorado and the creator of Fragile, advised Refinery29 for an earlier article. Kids between the ages of 10 and 19 are extra probably than youthful youngsters or adults to contaminate others with the coronavirus, in line with a brand new research out of South Korea — one thing to remember as colleges start to plan reopening for the autumn.
How is COVID-19 handled?
Most circumstances could be dealt with at dwelling, with loads of sleep and liquids, and over-the-counter drugs like acetaminophen. Individuals who suspect they’ve contracted COVID-19 ought to name a physician for recommendation, and keep away from heading to the hospital except they’re having hassle respiration.
For extra extreme circumstances, docs are nonetheless attempting to land on an efficient and secure therapy protocol. Medical trials for Gilead Sciences’ antiviral drug remdesivir, which was developed to deal with Ebola, appear promising. There are additionally trials being performed for dexamethasone and famotidine, amongst different medication. Final week, nonetheless, the World Well being Group introduced that they had been reducing quick a trial involving hydroxychloroquine — the anti-malaria drug that Trump mentioned he was taking day-after-day, and which can enhance the chance of loss of life — as a consequence of different proof indicating that it’s ineffective.
What long-term results does coronavirus have on general well being?
That’s nonetheless unclear. Some folks seem to bounce again from the sickness comparatively rapidly, whereas others are reporting persistent signs. “We’re studying one thing new day-after-day,” Christian Bime, MD, medical director of the Medical Intensive Care Unit at Banner – College Medical Heart in Tucson, advised Banner Well being. “Our understanding of COVID-19’s long-term results will rely drastically on ongoing research over the subsequent a long time.”
Nationwide Coronary heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-funded researchers are presently gathering info from coronavirus sufferers to conduct a research on the long-term results of the virus.
When will we’ve a vaccine?
Presumably inside the subsequent 12 to 18 months, experiences The Guardian. Presently, greater than 140 candidate vaccines are being tracked by the World Well being Group. However there are a handful of standout choices the world has been watching. A brand new COVID-19 vaccine out of the College of Oxford reveals promise; individuals who acquired it produced immune cells that struggle coronavirus, a just-released research says. That’s promising, however the vaccine continues to be in its early levels of testing. A trial of Moderna, Inc.’s vaccine candidate, referred to as mRNA-1273, has additionally yielded constructive outcomes; the corporate is on observe to kick off a significant, section three research in 30,000 individuals this month. And a staff at Johnson and Johnson is fast-tracking their vaccine formulation, saying they hope to start section one and two trials this month as nicely.
When will coronavirus within the U.S. be over?
It’s principally unattainable to say. Many areas have tried to reopen, however a few of these makes an attempt have been adopted by fairly vital spikes in circumstances. States equivalent to Arizona, South Carolina, Texas, and Florida reopened too quick, inflicting a surge in circumstances, in line with The New York Occasions. Areas equivalent to New York Metropolis, which adopted stricter, and extra gradual reopening plans, didn’t see the identical enhance. Nonetheless, officers are saying there could also be a second wave of coronavirus come fall and winter, although they will’t say for positive whether or not it is going to be extra extreme than what we’re experiencing now.
In an interview with Heathline, Anthony Fauci, MD, director of the Nationwide Institute of Allergy and Infectious Ailments, mentioned that for the pandemic to finish, we should have management over the virus. “Sadly, we can have suffered a horrible burden, however it’ll finish, and we’ll get again to regular, hopefully sooner reasonably than later,” he mentioned. We hope he’s proper.
COVID-19 has been declared a world pandemic. Go to the CDC web site for the newest info on signs, prevention, and different sources.
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